International Environment Forum - A Bahá'í inspired organization for environment and sustainability http://iefworld.org/rss.xml en Leaves - June IEF newsletter is available http://iefworld.org/node/255 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Leaves - June IEF newsletter is available</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">18. June 2017 - 11:59</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Read on line: <a href="https://iefworld.org/newslt96"><strong><em>Leaves</em></strong> 19(6) June 2017</a> light text version with fewer illustrations.<br /> Download as a <a href="https://iefworld.org/fl/IEF_Leaves170615.pdf">pdf version</a> [912 kb].</p> <table background="/gr/BLEAF1.JPG" style="background-color: rgb(0, 153, 0); width: 100%; height: 55px; text-align: left; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"> <tbody> <tr> <td>&nbsp;</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> <section class="field field--name-field-comments field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> </section> Sun, 18 Jun 2017 08:59:51 +0000 admin 255 at http://iefworld.org http://iefworld.org/node/255#comments IEF Toolkit for the Sustainable Development Goals http://iefworld.org/node/882 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">IEF Toolkit for the Sustainable Development Goals</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">12. June 2017 - 18:35</span> <div class="field field--name-subjects field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/241" hreflang="en">Sustainable Development Goals</a></div> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><div style="text-align: center;"> <p style="font-weight: bold; font-size: large; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">IEF Toolkit for the Sustainable Development Goals</p> <p>Resources that can be useful in explaining and applying the Sustainable Development Goals at the community, organization and individual levels.</p> </div> <!--break--> <hr style="width: 100%; height: 2px;" /> <p>The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted at a United Nations General Assembly Summit in September 2015 (<a href="#UN2015">UN 2015</a>), are widely accepted as the latest definition of sustainable development and how to achieve it by 2030. The 17 Goals include 169 targets, and over 240 indicators have been identified to monitor progress towards those targets. Governments are now determining their share of the global goals, and setting their own national goals, targets and indicators. This is by definition a top-down process, and provides an essential global framework, but action by governments will not be sufficient in itself to achieve the SDGs. They are goals for everyone, and everyone needs to be involved, but they need to be simplified for use at other levels.</p> <p>To help this process, the International Environment Forum has contributed to various discourses on the SDGs and their relevance to businesses, communities and individuals, and how they reflect Baha'i principles in practice. This has included translating the global goals for governments into forms more relevant at the local and organizational levels. These versions are collected here as a toolkit from which you can take or adapt the SDGs for discussion and action within your organization, community or family.</p> <hr /> <p style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">&nbsp;</p> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><a href="#Communities">SDGs Targets for Communities</a><br /> <a href="#Individuals">SDGs for Individuals</a><br /> <a href="#Business">SDG targets for Businesses</a><br /> <a href="#Bahai">SDGs and Baha'i principles</a></p> </div> <hr /> <p id="Communities" style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">SDG TARGETS RELEVANT FOR LOCAL COMMUNITIES (107)</p> <p><i>These extracts from the SDG targets describe actions that any local community can undertake at its own level.</i></p> <p><b>Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere</b><br /> 1.1 ...eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere...<br /> 1.2 ...reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions...<br /> 1.3 Implement... social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and... achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable<br /> 1.4 ...ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including micro finance<br /> 1.5 ...build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters</p> <p><b>Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture</b><br /> 2.1 ...end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round<br /> 2.2 ...end all forms of malnutrition..., and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons<br /> 2.3 ...double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment<br /> 2.4 ...ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality</p> <p><b>Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages</b><br /> 3.1 ...reduce the... maternal mortality ratio<br /> 3.2 ...end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age<br /> 3.3 ...end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases<br /> 3.4 ...reduce.. premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being<br /> 3.5 Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol<br /> 3.6 ...halve the number of... deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents<br /> 3.7 ...ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education<br /> 3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all<br /> 3.9 ...substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination<br /> 3.b ...provide access to medicines for all</p> <p><b>Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all</b><br /> 4.1 ...ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes<br /> 4.2 ...ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education<br /> 4.3 ...ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university<br /> 4.4 ...substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship<br /> 4.5 ...eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations 4.6 ...ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy<br /> 4.7 ...ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture's contribution to sustainable development<br /> 4.a Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, nonviolent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all</p> <p><b>Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls</b><br /> 5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere<br /> 5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including... sexual and other types of exploitation<br /> 5.3 Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation<br /> 5.4 Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family...<br /> 5.5 Ensure women's full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life<br /> 5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights<br /> 5.a Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources<br /> 5.b Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women 5.c Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels</p> <p><b>Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all</b><br /> 6.1 ...achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all<br /> 6.2 ...achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations<br /> 6.3 ...improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse...<br /> 6.4 ...substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity<br /> 6.5 ...implement integrated water resources management at all levels<br /> 6.6 ...protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes<br /> 6.b Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management</p> <p><b>Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all</b><br /> 7.1 ...ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services<br /> 7.2 ...increase substantially the share of renewable energy...<br /> 7.3 ...double the... rate of improvement in energy efficiency<br /> 7.b ...expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all...</p> <p><b>Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all</b><br /> 8.2 Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors<br /> 8.3 ...support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services<br /> 8.5 ...achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value<br /> 8.6 ...substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training<br /> 8.8 Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment<br /> 8.9 ...promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products</p> <p><b>Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation</b><br /> 9.1 Develop quality, reliable. sustainable and resilient infrastructure... to support economic development and human well-being. with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all<br /> 9.2 Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization<br /> 9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises.... to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets<br /> 9.4 ...upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes...<br /> 9.c Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet...</p> <p><b>Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries</b><br /> <br /> 10.1 ...progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average<br /> 10.2 ...empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status<br /> 10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard<br /> 10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality<br /> 10.7 Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies</p> <p><b>Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable</b><br /> 11.1 ...ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums<br /> 11.2 ...provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons<br /> 11.3 ...enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management...<br /> 11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the... cultural and natural heritage<br /> 11.5 ...significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected... by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations<br /> 11.6 ...reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management<br /> 11.7 ...provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities<br /> 11.a Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas...<br /> 11.b ...adopt and implement integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters...<br /> 11.c Support... building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials</p> <p><b>Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns</b><br /> 12.2 ...achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources<br /> 12.3 ...halve per capita... food waste at the retail and consumer levels<br /> 12.4 ...achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle... and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment<br /> 12.5 ...substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse<br /> 12.6 Encourage companies... to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle<br /> 12.7 Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable<br /> 12.8 ...ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature<br /> 12.b Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products</p> <p><b>Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts</b><br /> 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters...<br /> 13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning<br /> [support implementation of the Paris Agreement]</p> <p><b>Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development</b><br /> 14.1 ...prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution<br /> 14.2 ...sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration...<br /> 14.5 ...conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas...<br /> 14.b Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets</p> <p><b>Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss</b><br /> 15.1 ...ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands...<br /> 15.2 ...promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation...<br /> 15.3 ...combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods...<br /> 15.4 ...ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity...<br /> 15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity...<br /> 15.9 ...integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into... local planning<br /> 15.c Enhance... efforts to combat poaching... by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities</p> <p><b>Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions...</b><br /> 16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates...<br /> 16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children<br /> 16.3 Promote the rule of law... and ensure equal access to justice for all<br /> 16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms<br /> 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions...<br /> 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making...<br /> 16.9 ...provide legal identity for all, including birth registration<br /> 16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms...<br /> 16.b Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development</p> <p><b>Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation...</b><br /> 17.1 Strengthen domestic resource mobilization...<br /> 17.7 Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies...<br /> 17.17 Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships...</p> <p><small>REFERENCE: Dahl, Arthur Lyon. 2016. Looking at the Sustainable Development Goals from the Bottom Up. Paper presented at the International Environment Forum 20th International Conference, Nur University, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, 7 October 2016. <a href="https://iefworld.org/ddahl16j">https://iefworld.org/ddahl16j</a></small></p> <hr /> <p id="Individuals" style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">AN INDIVIDUAL VIEW OF SDGs</p> <p><i>Selected SDG targets are rewritten as something any individual can set as a personal goal (with the relevant target numbers in parentheses).</i></p> <p><b>Goal 1. No poverty</b><br /> Contribute to local efforts to eliminate poverty in your community (1.1, 1.2 end poverty)</p> <p><b>Goal 2. Zero hunger</b><br /> Support community efforts to ensure everyone access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round (2.1, 2.2 ensure access to food, end malnutrition)<br /> Encourage and support local small-scale food producers (2.3 small-scale food producers)<br /> Support sustainable food production systems that improve land and soil quality (2.4 sustainable food production systems)</p> <p><b>Goal 3. Good health and well-being</b><br /> Choose a healthy lifestyle for yourself and your family (3.4 non-communicable diseases, mental health and well-being)<br /> Avoid narcotic drugs and harmful use of alcohol (3.5 substance abuse)<br /> Drive safely (3.6 road traffic accidents)<br /> Plan your family size (3.7 family planning)<br /> Avoid using hazardous chemicals, try not to live in polluted areas (3.9 hazardous chemicals; air, water and soil pollution)</p> <p><b>Goal 4. Quality education</b><br /> Get the best education possible, and educate your children (4.1 primary and secondary education) (4.3 technical, vocational and tertiary education)<br /> Give your small children pre-primary education (4.2 pre-primary education)<br /> Help others to get skills for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship (4.4 technical and vocational skills for youth and adults)<br /> Encourage education for girls and the vulnerable (4.5 gender disparities, equal access to education)<br /> Educate yourself, your family and community about sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity (4.7 education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles)</p> <p><b>Goal 5. Gender equality</b><br /> Avoid discriminating against women and girls (5.1 discrimination against all women and girls)<br /> Shun violence against women and girls (5.2 violence against all women and girls)<br /> Share responsibility within your household and family (5.4 domestic work and shared responsibility)<br /> Encourage women's participation in leadership and decision-making (5.5 women's participation)<br /> Support women's equal rights (5.a women's equal rights to economic resources and property)<br /> Promote the empowerment of women with technology (5.b enabling technology for women)</p> <p><b>Goal 6. Clean water and sanitation</b><br /> Encourage safe drinking water and sanitation, practice good hygiene (6.1 safe drinking water) (6.2 sanitation and hygiene)<br /> Avoid polluting water (6.3 water quality)<br /> Use water efficiently (6.4 water-use efficiency)<br /> Contribute to improving water and sanitation in your community (6.b participation of local communities in water and sanitation management)</p> <p><b>Goal 7. Affordable and clean energy</b><br /> Prefer renewable energy sources (7.2 renewable energy)<br /> Use energy efficiently (7.3 energy efficiency)</p> <p><b>Goal 8. Decent work and economic growth</b><br /> Consider a career in a sustainable productive activity involving creativity and innovation (8.3 productive activities)<br /> See your work and that of others as a service to the community (8.5 employment and decent work)<br /> Help young people to find training and employment (8.6 youth employment)<br /> Encourage all workers' rights to a safe and secure working environment, including migrants (8.8 labour rights)</p> <p><b>Goal 9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure</b><br /> Work to improve your local community infrastructure (9.1 sustainable infrastructure)<br /> Look for ways to make your workplace more resource-efficient and sustainable (9.4 sustainable industries)<br /> Learn to use information and communications technologies and help others (9.c access to information technology)</p> <p><b>Goal 10. Reduced inequalities</b><br /> Participate in the life of your community, and empower others irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status (10.2 social, economic and political inclusion)<br /> Support equal opportunities for everyone in the community (10.3 equal opportunity)<br /> Be welcoming to migrants, since you may also migrate (10.7 responsible migration)</p> <p><b>Goal 11. Sustainable cities and communities</b><br /> Choose your housing to be safe and sustainable (11.1 housing and basic services)<br /> Use sustainable forms of transport (11.2 sustainable transport)<br /> Participate in the sustainability planning of your local community (11.3 sustainable urbanization and participatory human settlement planning)<br /> Protect your local cultural and natural heritage (11.4 cultural and natural heritage)<br /> Reduce your vulnerability to disasters (11.5 disasters)<br /> Contribute to community gardens and green spaces (11.7 green and public spaces)</p> <p><b>Goal 12. Responsible consumption and production</b><br /> Consider sustainable natural resource use in your purchases (12.2 sustainable natural resource use)<br /> Stop wasting food (12.3 food waste)<br /> Reduce your use and release of chemicals (12.4 environmentally sound management of chemicals)<br /> Reduce your wastes through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse (12.5 reduce waste generation)<br /> Inform yourself, and help to educate others about sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature (12.8 information and awareness)</p> <p><b>Goal 13. Climate action</b><br /> Educate yourself and others about climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning (13.3 climate change education)</p> <p><b>Goal 14. Life below water</b><br /> Reduce your use of plastics and dispose of them responsibly (14.1 marine pollution and marine debris)<br /> If you live near the coast, support coastal protection (14.2, 14.5 marine and coastal ecosystems)</p> <p><b>Goal 15. Life on land</b><br /> Support the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, especially forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands (15.1 terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems)<br /> Use paper, wood and charcoal from sustainable forestry (15.2 sustainable management forests)<br /> Protect local natural habitats and biodiversity (15.5 natural habitats and biodiversity)</p> <p><b>Goal 16. Peace, justice and strong institutions</b><br /> Avoid all violence (16.1 violence)<br /> Protect children from abuse (16.2 abuse of children)<br /> Fight local corruption (16.5 corruption and bribery)<br /> Demand accountability and transparency from your local institutions (16.6 accountable and transparent institutions)<br /> Participate in local decision-making (16.7 participatory and representative decision-making)<br /> Avoid all discrimination in your community (16.b non-discriminatory laws and policies)</p> <p><b>Goal 17. Partnerships for the goals</b><br /> Contribute time and resources to local sustainability efforts (17.1 domestic resource mobilization)<br /> Invent, adopt and share environmentally sound technologies (17.7 environmentally sound technologies)<br /> Join in local partnerships for sustainability (17.17 public, public-private and civil society partnerships)</p> <p><small>REFERENCE: Dahl, Arthur Lyon. 2016j. Looking at the Sustainable Development Goals from the Bottom Up. Paper presented at the International Environment Forum 20th International Conference, Nur University, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, 7 October 2016. <a href="https://iefworld.org/ddahl16j">https://iefworld.org/ddahl16j</a></small></p> <hr /> <p id="Business" style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">SDGs AND TARGETS RELEVANT TO BUSINESS</p> <p><i>This list selects those SDG targets to which businesses can contribute as part of their economic and social action.</i></p> <p><b>Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere</b><br /> 1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere...<br /> 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions...<br /> 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources,... natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including micro finance</p> <p><b>Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture</b><br /> 2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round<br /> 2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment<br /> 2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality<br /> 2.a Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks...<br /> 2.b Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets...<br /> 2.c Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets... and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility</p> <p><b>Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages</b><br /> 3.4 By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being<br /> 3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all<br /> 3.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination<br /> 3.b Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines,... and... provide access to medicines for all</p> <p><b>Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all</b><br /> 4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university<br /> 4.4 By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship<br /> 4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable...<br /> 4.7 By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture's contribution to sustainable development</p> <p><b>Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls</b><br /> 5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere<br /> 5.5 Ensure women's full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life<br /> S.b Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women</p> <p><b>Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all</b><br /> 6.3 By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally<br /> 6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity...<br /> 6.a By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies</p> <p><b>Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all</b><br /> 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services<br /> 7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix<br /> 7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency<br /> 7.a By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology</p> <p><b>Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all</b><br /> 8.2 Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors<br /> 8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services<br /> 8.4 Improve progressively. through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation...<br /> 8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value<br /> 8.6 By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training<br /> 8.8 Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment 8.9 By 2030. devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products<br /> 8.10 Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all</p> <p><b>Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation</b><br /> 9.2 Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry's share of employment and gross domestic product...<br /> 9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets<br /> 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes...<br /> 9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries...<br /> 9.b Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities<br /> 9.c Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020</p> <p><b>Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries</b><br /> 10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average<br /> 10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status<br /> 10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome...<br /> 10.5 Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations<br /> 10.7 Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies</p> <p><b>Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable</b><br /> 11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums<br /> 11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons<br /> 11.3 By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management...<br /> 11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world's cultural and natural heritage<br /> 11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management<br /> 11.7 By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces...</p> <p><b>Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns</b><br /> 12.1 Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production...<br /> 12.2 By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources<br /> 12.3 By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses<br /> 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle..., and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil...<br /> 12.5 By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse<br /> 12.6 Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle<br /> 12.8 By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature<br /> 12.b Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products<br /> 12.c Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions,... including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist...</p> <p><b>Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts</b><br /> 13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning</p> <p><b>Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development</b><br /> 14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution<br /> 14.4 By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices...<br /> 14.6 By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies...</p> <p><b>Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss</b><br /> 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands...<br /> 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally<br /> 15.3 By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods...<br /> 15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity...<br /> 15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species<br /> 15.6 Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources...</p> <p><b>Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels</b><br /> 16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms<br /> 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels<br /> 16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms...</p> <p><b>Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development</b><br /> <i>Finance</i><br /> 17.3 Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources<br /> 17.5 Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries<br /> <i>Technology</i><br /> 17.6 Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing...<br /> 17.7 Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms...<br /> <i>Capacity-building</i><br /> 17.9 Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation<br /> <i>Trade</i><br /> 17.10 Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization<br /> <i><b>Systemic issues</b></i><br /> <i>Policy and institutional coherence</i><br /> 17.13 Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence<br /> <i>Multi-stakeholder partnerships</i><br /> 17.16 Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources...<br /> 17.17 Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships<br /> <i>Data, monitoring and accountability</i><br /> 17.18 By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries... to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts<br /> 17.19 By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product...</p> <p><small>REFERENCE: Dahl, Arthur Lyon, 2016. The 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals: Challenges and Opportunities for Business. Paper presented at the Vision Gulf Business Conference, Kuwait, 31 May 2016. <a href="https://iefworld.org/ddahl16d">https://iefworld.org/ddahl16d</a></small></p> <hr /> <p id="Bahai" style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">A BAHA'I CONTRIBUTION TO THE SDGs</p> <p><i>The following compilation includes a relevant quotation from the Baha'i writings or statements of the Baha'i International Community for each of the SDGs (<a href="#Dahl2016">Dahl 2016</a>)</i></p> <p><b>Goal 1. No poverty</b></p> <p>Poverty can be described as the absence of those ethical, social and material resources needed to develop the moral, intellectual and social capacities of individuals, communities and institutions.... the goal at hand is not only to remove the ills of poverty but to engage the masses of humanity in the construction of a just global order. (<a href="#BIC2008a">BIC 2008a</a>)</p> <p>The technologies and resources exist to meet the basic needs of humanity and to eliminate poverty. Equity in the use of these technologies and resources, however, will come about only with certain understandings and commitments. While individuals must do their utmost to provide for themselves and their dependents, the community must accept responsibility, when necessary, to help meet basic needs. (<a href="#BIC1998">BIC 1998</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 2. Zero hunger</b></p> <p>The economics of food production and distribution will have to be reoriented and the critical role of the farmer in food and economic security properly valued. (<a href="#BIC1998">BIC 1998</a>)</p> <p>Food production and agriculture is the world's single largest source of employment.... Agriculture still represents the fundamental basis of economic and community life: malnourishment and food insecurity suffocate all attempts at development and progress.... The farmer must be accorded his or her rightful place in the processes of development and civilization building: as the villages are reconstructed, the cities will follow. (<a href="#BIC2008a">BIC 2008a</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 3. Good health and well-being</b></p> <p>With regard to health – the physical, spiritual, mental and social well-being of the individual – access to clean water, shelter, and some form of cheap energy would go a long way toward eradicating the problems that currently plague vast numbers of individuals and communities. (<a href="#BIC1998">BIC 1998</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 4. Quality education</b></p> <p>Education must be lifelong. It should help people to develop the knowledge, values, attitudes and skills necessary to earn a livelihood and to contribute confidently and constructively to shaping communities that reflect principles of justice, equity and unity. It should also help the individual develop a sense of place and community, grounded in the local, but embracing the whole world. Successful education will cultivate virtue as the foundation for personal and collective well-being, and will nurture in individuals a deep sense of service and an active commitment to the welfare of their families, their communities, their countries, indeed, all mankind. (<a href="#BIC1998">BIC 1998</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 5. Gender equality</b></p> <p>One of the most pervasive social challenges besetting communities around the world is the marginalization of girls and women.... Their responsibilities in families, in communities, as farmers and as stewards of natural resources make them uniquely positioned to develop strategies for adapting to changing environmental conditions. Women's distinct knowledge and needs complement those of men, and must be duly considered in all arenas of community decision-making. (<a href="#BIC2008b">BIC 2008b</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 6. Clean water and sanitation</b></p> <p>Wash ye every soiled thing with water that hath undergone no alteration.... Be ye the very essence of cleanliness amongst mankind.</p> <p>Immerse yourselves in clean water; it is not permissible to bathe yourselves in water that hath already been used. (<a href="#BahaullahAqdas">Bahá'u'lláh: The Kitáb-i-Aqdas</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 7. Affordable and clean energy</b></p> <p>A world federal system... bent on the exploitation of all the available sources of energy on the surface of the planet... (<a href="#SEWOB">Shoghi Effendi 1936</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 8. Decent work and economic growth</b></p> <p>Society must develop new economic models... furthering a dynamic, just and thriving social order. Such economic systems will be strongly altruistic and cooperative in nature; they will provide meaningful employment and will help to eradicate poverty in the world. (<a href="#BIC1998">BIC 1998</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure</b></p> <p>The owners of properties, mines and factories should share their incomes with their employees and give a fairly certain percentage of their products to their workingmen in order that the employees may receive, beside their wages, some of the general income of the factory (<a href="#AbdulBaha">'Abdu'l-Bahá</a>)</p> <p>The dominant model of development depends on a society of vigorous consumers of material goods.... This preoccupation with the production and accumulation of material objects and comforts... has consolidated itself in the structures of power and information to the exclusion of competing voices and paradigms. The unfettered cultivation of needs and wants has led to a system fully dependent on excessive consumption for a privileged few, while reinforcing exclusion, poverty and inequality, for the majority. (<a href="#BIC2010">BIC 2010</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 10. Reduced inequalities</b></p> <p>All too many of these ideologies...callously abandon starving millions to the operations of a market system that all too clearly is aggravating the plight of the majority of mankind, while enabling small sections to live in a condition of affluence scarcely dreamed of by our forebears.... Why is the vast majority of the world's peoples sinking ever deeper into hunger and wretchedness when wealth on a scale undreamed of... is at the disposal of the present arbiters of human affairs? (<a href="#UHJ1985">UHJ 1985</a>)</p> <p>It is the concentration of wealth in the hands of the few that is in urgent need of attention. (<a href="#BIC2008a">BIC 2008a</a>&gt;)</p> <p><b>Goal 11. Sustainable cities and communities</b></p> <p>Our challenge... is to redesign and develop our communities around those universal principles -- including love, honesty, moderation, humility, hospitality, justice and unity -- which promote social cohesion, and without which no community, no matter how economically prosperous, intellectually endowed or technologically advanced, can long endure. (<a href="#BIC1996">BIC 1996</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 12. Responsible consumption and production</b></p> <p>Take from this world only to the measure of your needs, and forego that which exceedeth them. (<a href="#BahaullahSummons">Bahá'u'lláh</a>)</p> <p>Sustainable production is not simply about ‘greener’ technology but rather, should involve systems that enable all human beings to contribute to the productive process. In such a system, all are producers, and all have the opportunity to earn (or receive, if unable to earn) enough to meet their needs.</p> <p>The concept of justice is embodied in the recognition that the interests of the individual and of the wider community are inextricably linked....</p> <p>Ultimately, the transformation required to shift towards sustainable consumption and production will entail no less than an organic change in the structure of society itself so as to reflect fully the interdependence of the entire social body—as well as the interconnectedness with the natural world that sustains it. (<a href="#BIC2010">BIC 2010</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 13. Climate action</b></p> <p>Much has been said about the need for cooperation to solve a climate challenge that no nation or community can solve alone. The principle of the oneness of humankind... seeks to... anchor the aspirations of individuals, communities and nations to those of the progress of humanity.... As children, women, men, religious and scientific communities as well as governments and international institutions converge on this reality, we will do more than achieve a collective response to the climate change crisis. We will usher in a new paradigm by means of which we can understand our purpose and responsibilities in an interconnected world.... (<a href="#BIC2008b">BIC 2008b</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 14. Life below water</b></p> <p>A world federal system, ruling the whole earth and exercising unchallengeable authority over its unimaginably vast resources.... A world legislature... will... ultimately control the entire resources of all the component nations.... The economic resources of the world will be organized, its sources of raw materials will be tapped and fully utilized, its markets will be coordinated and developed, and the distribution of its products will be equitably regulated. (<a href="#SEWOB">Shoghi Effendi 1936</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 15. Life on land</b></p> <p>In light of the interdependence of all parts of nature, and the importance of evolution and diversity "to the beauty, efficiency and perfection of the whole," every effort should be made to preserve as much as possible the earth's bio-diversity and natural order.</p> <p>As trustees, or stewards, of the planet's vast resources and biological diversity, humanity must learn to make use of the earth's natural resources, both renewable and non-renewable, in a manner that ensures sustainability and equity into the distant reaches of time. (<a href="#BIC1998">BIC 1998</a>)</p> <p><b>Goal 16. Peace, justice and strong institutions<br /> Goal 17. Partnerships for the goals</b></p> <p>The pathway to sustainability will be one of empowerment, collaboration and continual processes of questioning, learning and action in all regions of the world. It will be shaped by the experiences of women, men, children, the rich, the poor, the governors and the governed as each one is enabled to play their rightful role in the construction of a new society. As the sweeping tides of consumerism, unfettered consumption, extreme poverty and marginalization recede, they will reveal the human capacities for justice, reciprocity and happiness. (<a href="#BIC2010">BIC 2010</a>)</p> <p><small>REFERENCE: Dahl, Arthur Lyon. 2016. Looking at the Sustainable Development Goals from the Bottom Up. Paper presented at the International Environment Forum 20th International Conference, Nur University, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, 7 October 2016. <a href="https://iefworld.org/ddahl16j">https://iefworld.org/ddahl16j</a> </small></p> <hr /> <p style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);"><small>REFERENCES CITED</small></p> <p id="AbdulBaha"><small>'Abdu'l-Bahá. 1945. <i>Foundations of World Unity</i>. Wilmette, Illinois: Baha'i Publishing Trust.</small></p> <p id="BIC1996"><small>Bahá'í International Community. 1996. <i>Sustainable Communities in an Integrating World</i>. A statement presented to the Plenary of the Second UN Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), 7 June 1996, Istanbul, Turkey. <a href="https://www.bic.org/statements/sustainable-communities-integrating-world">https://www.bic.org/statements/sustainable-communities-integrating-world</a></small></p> <p id="BIC1998"><small>Bahá'í International Community. 1998. <i>Valuing Spirituality in Development: Initial Considerations Regarding the Creation of Spiritually Based Indicators for Development</i>. A concept paper written for the World Faiths and Development Dialogue, Lambeth Palace, London, 18-19 February 1998. Bahá'í Publishing Trust, London. <a href="https://www.bic.org/statements/valuing-spirituality-development">https://www.bic.org/statements/valuing-spirituality-development</a> and <a href="http://iefworld.org/bicvsid.htm">http://iefworld.org/bicvsid.htm</a></small></p> <p id="BIC2008a"><small>Bahá'í International Community. 2008a. <i>Eradicating Poverty: Moving Forward As One</i>. <a href="https://www.bic.org/statements/eradicating-poverty-moving-forward-one">https://www.bic.org/statements/eradicating-poverty-moving-forward-one</a> and <a href="http://iefworld.org/bicpoverty.htm">http://iefworld.org/bicpoverty.htm</a> and <a href="http://iefworld.org/bicpoverty.htm">http://iefworld.org/bicpoverty.htm</a></small></p> <p id="BIC2008b"><small>Bahá'í International Community. 2008b. <i>Seizing the Opportunity: Redefining the Challenge of Climate Change</i>. Statement presented at COP14, Poznan 2008. <a href="https://www.bic.org/statements/seizing-opportunity-redefining-challenge-climate-change">https://www.bic.org/statements/seizing-opportunity-redefining-challenge…</a></small></p> <p id="BIC2010"><small>Bahá'í International Community. 2010. <i>Rethinking Prosperity: Forging Alternatives to a Culture of Consumerism</i>. Bahá'í International Community's Contribution to the 18th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, 3 May 2010. <a href="https://www.bic.org/statements/rethinking-prosperity-forging-alternatives-culture-consumerism">https://www.bic.org/statements/rethinking-prosperity-forging-alternativ…</a></small></p> <p id="BahaullahAqdas"><small>Bahá'u'lláh. 1992. <i>The Kitáb-i-Aqdas: The Most Holy Book</i>. Haifa: Bahá'í World Centre</small></p> <p id="BahaullahSummons"><small>Bahá'u'lláh. 2002. <i>The Summons of the Lord of Hosts: Tablets of Bahá'u'lláh</i>. Haifa: Bahá'í World Centre. </small></p> <p id="Dahl2016"><small>Dahl, Arthur Lyon. 2016. Using the new UN 2030 Agenda to work for justice at the local level. Paper presented at the 21st Justice Conference, de Poort, the Netherlands, 25-27 March 2016, on the theme "Justice In Action: From Local to Global". <a href="http://iefworld.org/ddahl16b">http://iefworld.org/ddahl16b</a></small></p> <p id="SEWOB"><small>Shoghi Effendi. 1936. <i>The World Order of Bahá'u'lláh</i>. Wilmette, Illinois: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1938.</small></p> <p id="UN2015"><small>United Nations. 2015. <i>Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development</i>. Outcome document of the Summit for the adoption of the Post-2015 Development Agenda, New York, 25-27 September 2015. A/70/L.1. New York: United Nations. <a href="http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/70/L.1&amp;Lang=E">http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/70/L.1&amp;Lang=E</a></small></p> <p id="UHJ1985"><small>Universal House of Justice. 1985. <i>The Promise of World Peace</i>. Haifa: Bahá'í World Centre.</small></p> <hr style="width: 100%; height: 2px;" /> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><small><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="66" src="http://iefworld.org/gr/IEFlogo5.gif" width="142" /></small></p> <p><small><small>Last updated 12 June 2017</small></small></p> </div> </div> <section class="field field--name-field-comments field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> </section> Mon, 12 Jun 2017 15:35:37 +0000 admin 882 at http://iefworld.org http://iefworld.org/node/882#comments The Systems Science of Disintegration and Integration http://iefworld.org/ddahl17d <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Systems Science of Disintegration and Integration</span> <div class="field field--name-field-author field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Author</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item">Dahl, Arthur Lyon</div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-year field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Year</div> <div class="field__item">2017</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-event field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Event</div> <div class="field__item">International Environment Forum 21st International Conference<br /> de Poort, The Netherlands, 14-17 April 2017</div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Arthur Dahl</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">22. May 2017 - 16:30</span> Mon, 22 May 2017 13:30:06 +0000 Arthur Dahl 878 at http://iefworld.org 21st IEF International Conference http://iefworld.org/conf21 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">21st IEF International Conference</span> <div class="field field--name-field-dates field--type-string-long field--label-inline"> <div class="field__label">Dates</div> <div class="field__item">2017 April 14-17</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-place field--type-string-long field--label-inline"> <div class="field__label">Place</div> <div class="field__item">de Poort, The Netherlands</div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">19. April 2017 - 16:29</span> Wed, 19 Apr 2017 13:29:46 +0000 admin 859 at http://iefworld.org Online Interfaith Course on Climate Change http://iefworld.org/node/873 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Online Interfaith Course on Climate Change</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">28. March 2017 - 23:30</span> <div class="field field--name-subjects field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Climate change</a></div> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Wilmette Institute will again be offering an 8 week online course on Climate Change starting 15 April 2017. This is the seventh repeat of the course developed by IEF member Christine Muller (Rhode Island, USA), with Arthur Dahl (Geneva, Switzerland) and Laurent Mesbah (Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina) as supporting faculty.<br /> <br /> The course covers the basic science of climate change and provides an understanding of how climate disruption impacts us today and will continue to affect us in the future. Course participants will explore ethical questions related to climate change and address them in the context of the spiritual teachings of the world’s religions, especially those of the Baha’i Faith.<br /> <br /> The course helps participants to consider changes in lifestyle and community action for environmental and social responsibility. It shows how to rise above partisan politics and to use both science and religion for the well-being of humankind. There are numerous optional resources for those who want to go more deeply into the issues. People of all religious background are welcome to participate.<br /> <br /> For more information and to register, go here:<br /> <a href="http://www.cvent.com/events/climate-change/event-summary-5b4d4afa7ca14bb3af3b4043a2319422.aspx">http://www.cvent.com/events/climate-change/event-summary-5b4d4afa7ca14bb3af3b4043a2319422.aspx</a></p> </div> <section class="field field--name-field-comments field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> </section> Tue, 28 Mar 2017 20:30:44 +0000 admin 873 at http://iefworld.org http://iefworld.org/node/873#comments Social Conditions and Economics http://iefworld.org/node/871 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Social Conditions and Economics</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Arthur Dahl</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">13. March 2017 - 15:01</span> <div class="field field--name-subjects field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/46" hreflang="en">Economics</a></div> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><div style="text-align: center;"> <p style="font-weight: bold; font-size: large; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">Social Conditions and Economics</p> <p>A summary and commentary by Arthur Lyon Dahl<br /> on the Message of 1 March 2017 from the Universal House of Justice</p> </div> <hr style="width: 100%; height: 2px;" /> <p>A significant new message from the international governing body of the Bahá’í Faith, the Universal House of Justice, dated 1 March 2017, contains many perspectives relevant to the work of the International Environment Forum. The following summary and commentary extract some points that are of general relevance, apart from sections addressed specifically to the Baha’is of the world.</p> <!--break--> <p>The first theme is a diagnosis of the illnesses represented by the social conditions of so many people, blighted by inequity, discrimination and exploitation, leading to the prolonged suffering of so many, with economic impacts from deep-seated, structural defects in society.</p> <p>The message goes on: “The welfare of any segment of humanity is inextricably bound up with the welfare of the whole. Humanity's collective life suffers when any one group thinks of its own well-being in isolation from that of its neighbours' or pursues economic gain without regard for how the natural environment, which provides sustenance for all, is affected. A stubborn obstruction, then, stands in the way of meaningful social progress: time and again, avarice and self-interest prevail at the expense of the common good. Unconscionable quantities of wealth are being amassed, and the instability this creates is made worse by how income and opportunity are spread so unevenly both between nations and within nations. But it need not be so…. There is no justification for continuing to perpetuate structures, rules, and systems that manifestly fail to serve the interests of all peoples.”</p> <p style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">The forces of materialism</p> <p>It is the prevailing modes of thought, reflecting the forces of materialism, that are at fault. These include the common assumptions that happiness comes from constant acquisition, the more one has the better, and that worry for the environment is for another day. These seductive messages fuel an increasingly entrenched sense of personal entitlement, which uses the language of justice and rights to disguise self-interest. Indifference to the hardship experienced by others becomes commonplace, and entertainment and distracting amusements are voraciously consumed.</p> <p>The enervating influence of materialism seeps into every culture. Unless you strive to remain conscious of its effects, you may to one degree or another unwittingly adopt its ways of seeing the world. The message warns that even very young children absorb the norms of their surroundings. For junior youth, the call of materialism grows more insistent. Adulthood brings a responsibility not to allow worldly pursuits to blind one's eyes to injustice and privation. We need to see past the illusions that, at every stage of life, the world uses to pull attention away from service and towards the self, and manage our material affairs in keeping with the divine teachings.</p> <p>The extremes of wealth and poverty in the world are becoming ever more untenable, deepening the fractures that affect societies large and small.</p> <p style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">The moral dimension</p> <p>There is an inherent moral dimension to the generation, distribution, and utilization of wealth and resources. The vision of Baha'u'llah challenges the materialistic assumptions that self-interest, far from needing to be restrained, drives prosperity, that progress depends upon its expression through relentless competition, and that the worth of an individual depends chiefly on how much one can accumulate and how many goods one can consume relative to others. The message insists that wealth must serve humanity and be used in accordance with spiritual principles. "No light can compare with the light of justice. The establishment of order in the world and the tranquillity of the nations depend upon it." (Baha’u’llah)</p> <p style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">The reorganization of human society</p> <p>The only solution is the reorganisation of human society, starting with the individual. Collective prosperity can be advanced through justice and generosity, collaboration and mutual assistance. Every choice one makes—as employee or employer, producer or consumer, borrower or lender, benefactor or beneficiary—leaves a trace, and the moral duty to lead a coherent life demands that one's economic decisions be in accordance with lofty ideals, that the purity of one's aims be matched by the purity of one's actions to fulfil those aims. We can all make our own individual and collective contributions to economic justice and social progress wherever we reside. Every local community has the responsibility to find ways of addressing the root causes of the poverty in its surroundings.</p> <p style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">The spiritual reality of man</p> <p>At the most fundamental level, the message reaffirms the spiritual reality of humanity, and the nobility inherent to every human being.</p> <p>Economic life is an arena for the expression of honesty, integrity, trustworthiness, generosity, and other qualities of the spirit. The individual is not merely a self-interested economic unit. striving to claim an ever-greater share of the world's material resources. The message quotes Baha'u'llah: "Man's merit lieth in service and virtue, and not in the pageantry of wealth and riches." "Dissipate not the wealth of your precious lives in the pursuit of evil and corrupt affection, nor let your endeavours be spent in promoting your personal interest." By consecrating oneself to the service of others, one finds meaning and purpose in life and contributes to the upliftment of society itself. Contentment and moderation, benevolence and fellow feeling, sacrifice and reliance on the Almighty are qualities that befit the God-fearing soul.</p> <p style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">The higher purpose of economic activity</p> <p>The message concludes by emphasizing the higher purpose of economic activities, that ordinary economic activities have the potential to add to human welfare and prosperity. It quotes the son of the founder of the Bahá’í Faith, ‘Abdu’l-Baha: "Every person must have an occupation, a trade or a craft, so that he may carry other people's burdens, and not himself be a burden to others." "Wealth is praiseworthy in the highest degree, if it is acquired by an individual's own efforts… in commerce, agriculture, art and industry, and if it be expended for philanthropic purposes." “Wealth is most commendable provided the entire population is wealthy."</p> <p>While the focus of the message is on economic activity and the tribulations that a conflicted world must confront in the future, it is significant from an IEF perspective that it emphasises the suffering that comes from pursuing economic gain without regard for how the natural environment, which provides sustenance for all, is affected, or from the thinking that worry for the environment is for another day. Only a transformation of the economic system will remove the pressures so destructive to the environment today.</p> <hr /> <p>For more extensive excerpts from the message, go to <a href="https://iefworld.org/uhj_econ">Social Conditions and Economics</a> on the statements page of the IEF web site</p> <hr style="width: 100%; height: 2px;" /> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="66" src="http://iefworld.org/gr/IEFlogo5.gif" width="142" /></p> <p><small>Last updated 13 March 2017</small></p> </div> </div> <section class="field field--name-field-comments field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> </section> Mon, 13 Mar 2017 13:01:22 +0000 Arthur Dahl 871 at http://iefworld.org http://iefworld.org/node/871#comments "The Story of Stuff" for Baha'i Youth http://iefworld.org/node/869 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">&quot;The Story of Stuff&quot; for Baha&#039;i Youth</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/1386" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Christine Muller</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">9. March 2017 - 21:16</span> <div class="field field--name-subjects field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/97" hreflang="en">Environmental Education</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/155" hreflang="en">Junior Youth</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/26" hreflang="en">Consumption</a></div> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><div style="text-align: center;"> <p style="font-weight: bold; font-size: large; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);"><i>The Story of Stuff</i> for Baha'i Youth</p> <p>from Christine Muller</p> </div> <hr style="width: 100%; height: 2px;" /> <p>We are excited to share with you new study materials for Baha'i Junior Youth on the popular video <a href="http://storyofstuff.org/movies/story-of-stuff/">The Story of Stuff.</a></p> <!--break--> <p>This six session course is a grassroots effort to provide supplemental materials to the Ruhi Junior Youth Empowerment Program addressing the specific needs of youth in the industrialized world. There is a tremendous need to help our youth cope with a culture of consumerism and to help them grow up to be responsible world citizens. The course assists young people to see the reality of the world we live in, reveals to them some of the many injustices underlying the old world order, and encourages them to respond in a spiritual way, to live with ethical principles, and to serve the common good.</p> <p>This link will bring you to all the materials of the course, the Introduction and the Lesson Plans for Sessions 1 to 6: <a href="https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0BwY9hsngOdVGZnZpZFdGZmp1Vk0?usp=sharing">https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0BwY9hsngOdVGZnZpZFdGZmp1Vk0?usp…</a></p> <p>The topics discussed in the course are tangible examples of exactly those issues raised by the Universal House of Justice in its <a href="https://app.box.com/s/17h33xnfri9ok2friqvokgur7tue8xp6">Comments on the Path of Economic Well-being</a> (1 March 2017). The Story of Stuff illustrates how our world is interconnected and sheds light on “the social conditions of every people” and “their circumstances”. The House reminds us to exemplify spiritual qualities such as contentment and moderation and then continues:</p> <p>The forces of materialism promote a quite contrary line of thinking: that happiness comes from constant acquisition, that the more one has the better, that worry for the environment is for another day. These seductive messages fuel an increasingly entrenched sense of personal entitlement, which uses the language of justice and rights to disguise selfinterest. Indifference to the hardship experienced by others becomes commonplace while entertainment and distracting amusements are voraciously consumed. The enervating influence of materialism seeps into every culture, and all Baha'is recognize that, unless they strive to remain conscious of its effects, they may to one degree or another unwittingly adopt its ways of seeing the world.</p> <p>The course materials aim to help youth to understand and put in practice the guidance of the Universal House of Justice.</p> <p>The Baha'i version of the course is based on the original <a href="http://storyofstuff.org/resources/">Christian and Jewish</a> editions. In addition to presenting the Baha'i perspectives, we have also made an effort to make the materials more user friendly.</p> <p>While the course lays out the Baha'i perspectives on the issue, it is interfaith in spirit and therefore lends itself especially well to be used with your wider community of interest.</p> <p>This is the first edition of the course. We are asking you to help spread the word about it. When you use it, please, provide us with feedback. What worked and what didn't? How would you like to see the course improved? We invite feedback from youth, facilitators, youth animators, parents, teachers, and others by the end of July 2017. We will then review and improve the course and send it to the people of the Story of Stuff website where it will be published and accessible to everyone. Once published on their website along the Christian and Jewish versions, we hope that the course will also contribute to meaningful public discourse.</p> <p>Feel free to contact us for any questions that may arise or if you need assistance with the course at <a href="mailto:BahaiStoryofStuff@gmail.com">BahaiStoryofStuff@gmail.com</a>. We are looking forward to your feedback and hope that many young people will enjoy the course.</p> <hr style="width: 100%; height: 2px;" /> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="66" src="http://iefworld.org/gr/IEFlogo5.gif" width="142" /></p> <p><small>Last updated 9 March 2017</small></p> </div> </div> <section class="field field--name-field-comments field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> </section> Thu, 09 Mar 2017 19:16:59 +0000 Christine Muller 869 at http://iefworld.org http://iefworld.org/node/869#comments Environmental fasting http://iefworld.org/node/868 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Environmental fasting</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/148" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Charles</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">7. March 2017 - 13:25</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>From 1-19 March is the 19 day period of fasting for the Baha'i community during which we avoid eating and drinking etc. between sunrise and sunset.  The mild discomfort this produces can be thought of as a little companion running alongside you through the day as a reminder to attend to spiritual attitudes and habits and to make the appropriate adjustments (you can't manage what you don't measure).</p> <p>Each year, my wife and I also undertake elements of environmental fasting: we use the same daily mechanism of reminder to reduce our power and water consumption, minimising waste and unnecessary packaging, eating food produced as locally as possible and using public transport where possible.  We minimise our shopping and seek to use up what we have in the house playing "pantry bingo" - creating recipes from whatever comes to hand.</p> <p>Thus we might become better aware of both our spiritual and environmental habits, and can make appropriate adjustments.  </p> <p>We also then come to appreciate the advantages we have by way of running water and sanitation, heating and lighting, food security and accessibility which serves to strengthen a willingness to respond to the needs of those without as well as the impact we have on the planet thus making it a spiritually meaningful and environmentally beneficient time.</p> <p> </p></div> <section class="field field--name-field-blog-comments field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> </section> Tue, 07 Mar 2017 11:25:51 +0000 Charles 868 at http://iefworld.org Book review: The Myth Gap: What Happens When Evidence and Arguments Aren't Enough? http://iefworld.org/node/866 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Book review: The Myth Gap: What Happens When Evidence and Arguments Aren&#039;t Enough?</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Arthur Dahl</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">12. February 2017 - 0:25</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><div style="text-align: center;"> <p style="font-weight: bold; font-size: large; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">The Myth Gap: What Happens When Evidence and Arguments Aren't Enough?</p> <p>by Alex Evans. London: Eden Project Books, Transworld (Penguin), 2017. 152 p.</p> <p>Book review by Arthur Lyon Dahl</p> </div> <hr style="width: 100%; height: 2px;" /> <p>In a world in which science and technology built through rational processes have transformed our economy and lifestyle and created wealth unimaginable in the recent past, it is ironic that rational arguments and scientific evidence are not enough to influence political decisions or to change individual behaviour. This book by Alex Evans, former political advisor to the British government and the United Nations, explores why the rational approaches of climate scientists and others addressing the environmental challenges of a society hitting planetary boundaries have failed to produce the necessary change. It has important lessons for anyone working at the science-policy interface or in public education on environmental issues.</p> <!--break--> <p>Evans' thesis is that stories, particularly myths with deep symbolic meaning, are necessary to go beyond an intellectual understanding to a change in heart. Using climate change as the example with which he as worked most closely, he describes the shift in strategy after the failure of the Copenhagen Climate Summit in 2009, when the climate movement went from science to activism, building a mass movement by telling a terrific story. He draws on George Marshall's excellent book "Don't Even Think About It" (<a href="/node/850">reviewed here</a>) about the diversity of approaches used by the anti-science movement of climate skeptics. In particular, enemy narrations only lead to political polarization and people closing themselves in bubbles of confirmation bias.</p> <p>For issues so fundamental, it is necessary to create a mental shift or epiphany that is as much emotional as rational. This was a role of myth, but as religions have taken myths as literal truth and engaged in political activism, people have disengaged from religion, creating a myth gap. Trust has collapsed. We see marketing as myth and shopping as ritual.</p> <p>Those who have warned of scarcity, collapse of civilization and the end of the world have only seen that such warnings are counterproductive, producing competition for resources and fragmentation. Evans' hope is that "our current moment of crisis and transition proves to be the catalyst for powerful renewal and innovation in our core myths." (p. 37) He cites historical examples in China with the rise of Taoism and Confucianism, and with Judaism and Christianity. He notes that history has shown a basic direction towards non-zero-sum cooperation and higher levels of social complexity, with a drift towards interdependence and moral progress, but suggests that we could go either way. Taking a longer view, we need stories about a better life of happiness based on goodness, where personal enjoyment is replaced by service to others and a sense of purpose.</p> <p>Raising a theme dear to the Baha'is, Evans states that humanity is in its teenage years, and we need trial by ordeal to grow as a species. We have repressed our vulnerability and grief. Myth needs to describe reality, deal with despair, and give hope for the future. It should address our guilt with redemption and atonement, including the restoration of our damaged environment.</p> <p>In a globalized society, we need larger, global-scale myths with a longer view of a different good life and a new purpose based on ethical values of justice and care for the creation, recognizing that everything is connected. A significant part of the book is devoted to the myth of the Everlasting Covenant being broken, represented today by the systemic evil in many institutions of society, like fallen angels. He asks how do you mend a broken covenant? His answer is atonement to achieve justice through sacrifice. He cites Gandhi referring to the willing sacrifice of the innocent as the answer to insolent tyranny, as well as Christ and many other examples, with sacrifice of the ego leading to resurrection. The Judaic traditions of sabbath and jubilee not only allowed environmental resources to rest and regenerate, but also emphasized the importance of the alternative good life over materialist productivity. The jubilee every 50 years restored land rights to everyone and erased debts. Restoring the covenant brought the creation back into balance.</p> <p>Myth is fundamentally a guide to behaviour. We need the right kind of myths with a larger perspective and a longer view describing a better good life, processing our grief and guilt, and leading to redemption and environmental restoration. They should encompass new values towards justice and sustainability. All the wisdom traditions, whether religious or philosophical, have had such myths. Today, the myth gap is being filled by efforts like mindfulness, becoming aware of how we interpret the world. There is a need for personal conversations on values, frameworks and stories, going beyond the superficial to share doubts, fears, hurts and vulnerabilities. Only this can lead to authenticity, learning to listen to others, and true dialogue. Unfortunately, the reliance on new technologies is reducing group participation.</p> <p>Evans suggests starting with religion as the remaining domain with significant group participation. The Pope's Encyclical "Laudato Si" (<a href="/node/853">reviewed here</a>) helped to support the positive outcome at the Paris Climate Conference (COP21) in 2015. He calls for a dialogue within and between religions. For the Millennials, other kinds of communities are forming, and are exploring scenarios of possible futures. With the new technologies, we may be able to create new myths of a future of redemption and restoration. The nations have already agreed on the framework for that vision in the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. Evans concludes with the hope that the disasters that seem inevitably to lie ahead will produce the spirit of solidarity and connectedness necessary to achieve that vision.</p> <p>There is so much in this book that resonates with a Bahá'í perspective on the world, the trials it must go through to purge itself of a materialistic civilization, and the vision of the just and sustainable world that can emerge in the decades and centuries ahead. The Bahá'í Faith could itself be the extended myth that Evans is calling for, restoring the Eternal Covenant and enabling the epiphany in each person who is ready to set his or her steps on a path of sacrifice and service. Its embrace of the two complementary knowledge systems of science and religion corresponds to Evans' vision. He provides many useful suggestions for the stories we should be telling to touch the hearts and minds of those who are troubled by the present state of the world and need inspiring visions of the future to help them find a way forward.</p> <hr style="width: 100%; height: 2px;" /> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="66" src="http://iefworld.org/gr/IEFlogo5.gif" width="142" /></p> <p><small>Last updated 11 February 2017</small></p> </div> </div> <section class="field field--name-field-blog-comments field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> </section> Sat, 11 Feb 2017 22:25:26 +0000 Arthur Dahl 866 at http://iefworld.org Waste management in Colombia http://iefworld.org/elccolombia <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Waste management in Colombia</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">11. February 2017 - 16:30</span> Sat, 11 Feb 2017 14:30:12 +0000 admin 865 at http://iefworld.org